of Virginia Library
the Digital Library Federation
I. Collections, services, and
II. Projects and programs
III. Specific digital library
IV. Digital library publications,
policies, working papers, and other documents
I. Collections, Services, and
Absalom! Electronic, Interactive! Chronology
Interactive (Flash-based) chronology mapping of the complex
structure of this work by William Faulkner. Augmented by digital
audio files of talks by Faulkner at UVA in the 1957 and 1958, and
page images from Faulkner's notes on the chronology, which is
housed in UVa Library Special Collections.
During WWII, the Army conducted hundreds of surveys of
American troops, covering topics relating to soldiers' attitudes
toward the war, morale, and education. The collective survey
results affected many aspects of federal policy in the post-war
years, from promotion of the GI bill extending educational
benefits to veterans, to desegregation of the military. The
Geostat collection contains 137 surveys covering 78 different
The Barcelona Collection consists of approximately 850 images
shot on site in Barcelona, Spain and a small number of images
digitized from the Fine Arts Library Visual Collection. The
present collection is the result of work done on a grant-funded
annual trip to Barcelona by graduate students in the University
of Virginia School of Architecture. Most of the images were shot
on site by the professors and students, and were intended as part
of the teaching environment for the annual Barcelona studio
class. Since the Barcelona studio class continues to be an annual
event, the collection will continue to grow and evolve.
UVa possesses tens of thousands of manuscripts relating to
the Cabell Family. This online collection consists of over 150
html pages as well as hundreds scanned primary source documents.
Specialized areas include Contributions to American History,
Cabells and their Times, and Cabells and the University of
archive is based on an extensive collection of 16 mm news footage
from the Roanoke TV station, WSLS. The Virginia Center for
Digital History is experimenting with using the GDMS for delivery
of this material. This is a work-in-progress.
in America: Annotated Bibliography
the University of Virginia’s Architecture Department, this
bibliography provides an annotated listing of scholarly and
popular literature that addresses the Colonial Revival in
architecture, painting, sculpture, landscape design, decorative
arts, furniture, and cultural studies from the 1870s to the
present. It selectively samples the vast store of Colonial
Revival literature, and is intended to be comprehensive, but not
the History of Ideas
Published in its
original edition in 1973-74 and last reprinted in 1977-1980, the
Dictionary of the History of Ideas was a culminating work
in a tradition that had been energized by the fight against
fascism. It was a tradition committed to the pursuit of
disinterested scholarship in the academic sphere and to free
expression of thought in the political sphere (as in Arnaldo
Momigliano's article "Freedom of Speech in Antiquity"). This
project was undertaken in collaboration with The Journal of
the History of Ideas and in permission granted from the Gale
Virginia (ESRI data
for Virginia and its neighboring states), National (coverage for
the United States using USGS Digital Line Graph [DLG] data and
ESRI data), and World (an assortment of digital maps using public
domain data sets and ESRI data) digital map library, plus
Virginia 2000 Census maps.
Collections houses many of the Virginia-related Duke Family
papers. This online collection provides historical
contextualization of the primary source material. The site,
focusing on Richard Thomas Walker Duke Jr., will deliver the
digital facsimiles of his entire Recollections (five
volumes) as well as the forty volumes of his diaries.
Fiction 1850-1875 (EAF Phase II)
The University has
completed processing of this Mellon-funded collection of 400
volumes of American fiction (1850-1875), including works by
Louisa May Alcott, Samuel Clemens, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman
Melville, Harriet Beecher Stowe and some 90 other 19th century
novelists. Each text exists as a full set of color page-images
and a searchable XML text. Biographies and supporting manuscript
materials were also digitized. Final release is scheduled for
Over 1,800 Ebooks
for the Palm Pilot and for Microsoft Reader are now available in
this continually growing collection.
Gentleman’s Magazine Union List of Authorial
aggregated and edited by Lorraine de Montluzin, now has several
thousand more entries and has been condensed into one database
instead of its previous three. The database will be available in
September 2003 through the Bibliographical Society’s
Archaeology in Loudoun Valley and Harpers Ferry
historical research concerning 18th and 19th century sites in
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, and nearby Loudoun Valley,
Virginia, as well as the broader region of the upper Potomac and
northern Shenandoah Valleys.
The University of
Virginia Library Electronic Text Center and the University of
Pittsburgh East Asian Library sponsor the Japanese Text
Initiative, a collaborative effort to make texts of classical
Japanese literature available on the Web. Dozens of texts and a
Japanese Haiku Topical Dictionary have been added. The Japanese
characters are fully searchable for all JTI texts. A new grant
from the Toshiba International Foundation in 2003 is supporting
the expansion of the corpus.
is a survey of the architecture of an historic significant region
of Virginia, the county of Albemarle and the city of
Charlottesville. This expansive survey, produced under the
supervision of professor emeritus Edward K. Lay, has a
far-reaching audience of national and regional scholars of
American Architecture. Edward K. Lay's book The Architecture
of Jefferson Country: Charlottesville and Albemarle County,
Virginia was published in 2000 by the University Press of
Virginia; a CD-ROM version containing the complete text and
figures from the book and a searchable database of 2,409
structures illustrated with 3,359 images, was published by the
Albemarle County Historical Society and produced by the Digital
Media Lab of the Robertson Media Center that same year.
9,000 entries on
Thomas Jefferson quotations, searchable and browseable by theme,
date, topic, recipient, and place of publication, relating to
Government, Politics, Law, Education, Political Economy, Finance,
Science, Art, Literature, Religious Freedom, and Morals. From the
1900 edition, edited by John P. Foley.
The Journal of
Published by the
Society of Scriptural Reasoning, the Journal gathers religion and
text scholars into a conversation in which the richness and depth
of diverse scriptural readings can be uncovered, discussed, and
Published by the
Society for Textual Reasoning, the Journal publishes essays in
the exegetical analyses of Jewish texts and the practice and
theory of textual reasoning.
Letters of the
Delegates to Congress: 1774-1789
searchable and browseable collection of letters from all the
delegates to the first Congress of the United States.
Lewis and Clark
and the Corps of Discovery
editions of the Journals of Lewis and Clark (1814 and 1904) with
page images; a page image edition of A journal of the voyages
and travels of a corps of discovery, under the command of Capt.
Lewis and Capt. Clarke; by Patrick Gass; a page image edition
of Catalogue of Catlin's Indian gallery or portraits,
landscapes, manners and customs, costumes, &tc.; and
George Catlin Indian Paintings Collection from the Smithsonian
American Art Museum.
Philip S. Hench
Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection
The Philip S. Hench
Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection is an extensive compilation
of correspondence, notes, reports, printed materials,
photographs, negatives, and artifacts spanning a period of almost
one hundred years. About 5,500 items comprise the first phase of
this archive, with 3,000 more coming in early 2004.
in Print: Sixteenth-Century French Books in the Douglas Gordon
Digital Services and the University of Virginia French Department
have launched an ambitious collaborative project that will make
rare books from the French Renaissance era accessible to the
public via the Internet. The online collection will include
digital facsimiles of sixteenth-century printed books in the
Douglas H. Gordon Collection and an on-line network of resources
designed to situate the books within the rich context of the
French Renaissance, which produced them.
Trials Documentary Archive and Transcription Project
project consists of an electronic collection of primary source
materials relating to the Salem witch trials of 1692 and a new
transcription of the court records. Electronic texts, page
digitization, and digital map resources have been created for
this project by the UVa Library.
in Bibliography Ebook Archive
An archive of all
back issues of the eminent journal of scholarly bibliography
published by the Bibliographical Society at the University of
Virginia repurposed from their XML base into Ebooks for the MS
expanding collection of electronic texts, digital scholarship,
and UVa collections relating to Thomas Jefferson.
A searchable and
browseable interface for the most recent incarnation of the Text
Encoding Initiative Guidelines for use by scholars and
Himalayan Digital Library
integrated environment for digital publication of many diverse
projects, digital and non-digital, relating to Tibet and the
Himalayas. The resources include a video and audio database, an
interactive map of Tibet, virtual models, electronic texts, and a
Tibetan Dictionary and a translation tool.
Virginia Online Visual History
collection of images related to UVa as well as pulled from UVa
collections, this resource contains over 7,000 images and is
augmented weekly. This is a collaborative project with the
University’s News Services, Development Communications, and
the Provost’s Office.
Gazetteer contains the official name, type, and location of over
51,000 geographic features in Virginia. The Virginia Gazetteer is
linked to an inventory of collections archived at the Geostat
Center in the University of Virginia Library, allowing the
gazetteer to function as a geographic catalog for the Geostat
Heritage Project concluded successfully in December 2002. Over
the course of the grant, Special Collections encoded 2,203
collection guides in the EAD format, representing 27,923 pages of
text. The project was awarded the SOLINET Outstanding Library
Program Award for Preservation and Electronic Information on
March 25, 2003.
State Elected Officials Database Project
The Virginia State
Elected Officials Database consists of approximately 37,000
annual records, with each record containing a discrete array of
biographical and institutional information. It provides the first
web-based compilation of the more than 8,500 individuals who have
served as Governor, State Delegate or State Senator from 1776 to
2003, and enables quantitative analysis of legislative tenure in
Virginia. Recent improvements to the back-end database
architecture have produced a more sustainable architecture that
allows for inclusion of related data, including electoral data
and details on candidacy in recent decades.
4,500 page image
scans of 19th century American materials related to westward
exploration after Lewis and Clark will soon be available online.
Many of the volumes are extensively illustrated, and all are
housed in UVa Library's Special Collections.
The Writings of
George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources,
extensive archive of writings on or by George Washington. The
archive is the electronic edition of John C. Fitzpatrick’s
comprehensive study, “The Writings of George Washington
from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799,” a
collection of more than 17,400 letters and documents.
The Electronic Text
Center develops and maintains most of the library's collection of
electronic texts, including materials in fifteen languages.
Especially notable are the collections of materials in English
and American literature and complete works of major writers in
the history of philosophy. Etext provides training and project
management expertise, access to equipment that permits the
creation and analysis of electronic texts, and a place in which
to use the electronic texts that are not available on-line.
The Digital Media
Lab of the Robertson Media Center develops and provides
collections of digital images, sound, and video for use in
research and instruction. The Lab offers consulting services in
digital media production and project planning, hands-on tutorials
and short courses, a full array of scanners and video and audio
digitization equipment, and analog editing equipment.
Scanning Services and Electronic Reserves
Scanning Services and Electronic Reserves (formerly called
Toolkit Scanning Services) is part of a suite of services
maintained by the University Library to support the UVa faculty
in its use of electronic materials for instruction. Primarily,
ISS services take the form of scanning materials into a .PDF
format and uploading them to the Instructor's Toolkit learning
management system as additional readings. ISS also links
materials already in electronic format to the Instructor's
Toolkit, and scans materials for other instructional uses.
Material digitized by Instructional Scanning Services is made
available as electronic course reserves through the Instructor's
Toolkit system. Course number or the instructor's last names are
added into VIRGO records representing physical and electronic
reserves, allowing online searching for all reserves, regardless
Statistical Data Center (Geostat)
& Statistical Data Center (Geostat) provides a variety
of online GIS data with a particular focus on data about the
state of Virginia, as well as the Inter-university Consortium for
Political and Social Research (ICPSR) Collection online and a
variety of offline electronic data products that can be used in
the Center. Geostat also provides computing facilities for data
manipulation, research, and instruction, and works closely with
faculty and students to train them in the use of its tools and
Collections Digital Services
Digital Services provides digitization of primary and secondary
materials from the Department's collections to support the
teaching and research mission of the University as well to
increase the access to these rare items. The Special Collections
Department provides a large collection of electronic finding aids
that highlight the library's holdings of primary resources.
Special Collections Digital Services also provides a variety of
digital image collections, including the Holsinger Studio
Collection, the Jackson Davis Collection of African-American
Educational Photographs, UVa Visual History Online, and the
Jefferson Architecture Electronic Archive. SCDS also produces the
Department’s online exhibitions.
The Library offers
electronic document delivery for both ILL items and items held
locally. Articles are delivered in PDF format, and both borrowing
and notification of availability are handled through the catalog
and Z39.50 modules of VIRGO, the Library's SIRSI system.
Production Services (DLPS) was created in August 2001and is
charged with building a sustainable digital core collection in a
cost-effective, efficient manner. The department, part of Library
Central Services, is an integral part of the operations of the
Library, but is not a public service unit. DLPS has six FTEs, and
focuses on large-scale text and image creation, processing, and
archiving to start, intending to produce other formats in the
The University of
Virginia Library' s Digital Library Research and Development
Group is collaborating with Cornell to develop FEDORA under a
$1,000,000 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant. In the first phase
of the project, we implemented a prototype repository based on
the FEDORA architecture (see the July 2000 D-Lib Magazine
article) using a relational database combined with Java servlets
that provide a web interface. Our first phase production
repository launches in fall 2003 (see the April 2003 D-Lib
Magazine article, the presentation on the Fedora release at the
Spring 2003 CNI Task Force meeting, and the presentation at the
Spring 2003 Digital Library Federation Forum). FEDORA is intended
to leave a great deal of room for a repository to develop to
serve local needs while providing enough structure to guarantee
interoperability with other repositories. Version 1.0 was
released on May 16, 2003; Version 1.1 was released on August 5,
In March 2002, UVa
Library and Cornell University began work on Fedora, and,
alongside it, the first phase prototype of a Central Digital
Repository for UVA. Fedora version 1.0 was complete in May 2003.
During summer, 2003, we are testing a first phase prototype
public interface for the repository. Input was solicited on the
design, functionality and usability, as well as suggestions for
improvements and additional functionality. Improvements and
additions will be prioritized, with the highest priority changes
implemented in August, September, and October, and guiding the
development of the disseminators (delivery programs) for our
Metadata Specification: UVa DescMeta
UVa DescMeta is a
project led by our cataloging department to produce a set of
descriptive elements for specifying the intellectual content of
digital resources. Initially derived from the Dublin Core
specification, they have been adapted and extended for local use.
The updated specification provides a more precise description of
visual, geospatial, statistical, textual, and archival resources.
The UVa Library has developed an XML DTD, as well as initial
guidelines for use.
Center is researching and building tools to automate the
conversion of its text collections into “Print on
Descriptive Modeling Scheme (GDMS)
GDMS is a project
developed a DTD for creating XML files that are structured,
annotated descriptions of digital collections. An infinitely
recursive set of structural units: each may contain a narrative,
a descriptive metadata record and references to, and metadata
about, any number of digital resources. GDMS is being tested in
several faculty digital projects to describe describing
buildings, archeological sites and artworks, creating structural
metadata for digital objects that provide access to related sets
of digital images. The model will give scholarly projects a
formal structure, making them more collectible than the existing
In April-May 2003,
the UVa Fine Arts Library evaluated the IRIS visual resources
collection management tool from Brown University. The system was
licensed and put in place in June to support cataloging of visual
materials and export data in GDMS format for inclusion in the
Central Digital Repository.
Development of a
user-defined image collection tool in MySQL and PHP to allow
individuals to create data structures, set permissions and
restrictions, and develop online collections of materials in a
variety of formats. This tool is part of the collection-building
toolbox for the Digital Library.
tool is a Java application that may be used as an aid to collect
and preserve existing scholarship published in HTML and
incorporate it into a data repository, developed as a tool for
the Supporting Digital Scholarship project.
II. Projects and Programs
American Studies Information Community
This project is
funded by the Andrew Mellon Foundation. The project, begun in
March 2002, focuses on building the infrastructure for an
information community by concentrating on collections and tools
that are particularly useful to scholars and students studying
American Culture. Goals for the project include expanding our
digital library testbed, developing a set of tools and procedures
for an American Studies community, and developing the portal for
that community. Work centers around building the appropriate
collections, starting with existing text, image, statistical and
GIS collections. Research will continue on how information
technology can be used to support and enhance the effort to
harvest and enrich metadata from collections that are bought or
those that are acquired by harvesting Open Archive servers.
Scholarly Edition of the Works of Ben Jonson
with David Gants, the Etext Center is helping to produce a
scholarly electronic edition of the Ben Jonson first folio and
quarto. The publication and form of this edition is still under
Scholarly Electronic Edition
Electronic Edition of William Wells Brown’s classic novel
(the “first” African-American novel) being produced
in collaboration with Christopher Mulvey of King Alfred’s
College. The goal for delivery is Fall 2003 or Spring 2004.
In July 2003, the
UVa Library launched a publicly accessible site to describe its
digital initiatives. The site includes descriptions of projects
and programs, as well as reports on research and development,
standards, and best practices.
A $250,000 grant
from the National Science Foundation (NSF) is supporting the
University of Virginia Library and the University of Trier,
Germany, in the digitization of some 100 medieval German texts
and several related dictionaries. Completion is expected in early
Lectures: B.F. Skinner’s Lectures on “A Technology
of Behavior,” 1959
These audio tapes,
housed in UVA Library’s Special Collections, are being
converted by the Digital Media Lab to digital sound files for
in progress, 2003:
Religion and Democracy Online
The mission of the
Center on Religion and Democracy is to develop the critical
insights and resources of careful academic study concerning
religion and public life, and to make them available to everyone
concerned with responding creatively and strategically to the
challenges posed by our time. All of the titles in the Center on
Religion and Democracy E-Text Library, marked up by the
Electronic Text Center, are available online and in eBook
Scholarship is a joint project between the Institute for Advanced
Technology in the Humanities and the University of Virginia
Library to investigate the implications of collecting digital
scholarly projects into a digital library. This project, now in
its third and final year, was funded by a grant from The Andrew
W. Mellon Foundation. The final report will discuss the technical
problems that we have encountered in collecting selections from
the Rossetti Archive (http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/rossetti/),
the Salisbury Project (http://www.iath.virginia.edu/salisbury/),
the Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library (http://www.thdl.org/), and the
Pompeii Forum Project (http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/pompeii/)
into the Library's
Central Digital Repository, and policy implications for the
Library in collecting such projects.
Community consists of the people (authors, publishers, and
users), the collections (texts, images, videos, audio, and maps),
and the tools provided for interacting with those collections.
The UVa Library provides the technological, administrative, and
organizational infrastructure for these collections, but relies
on individual scholars and collaborative projects. American
Studies and Tibetan and Himalayan communities are well under way;
an Architecture community is under development. Communities
focusing on data about Virginia and on Poetry are in the planning
LofT is a 5-year
program to transform the traditional library into the model
research library for the future, which is now in its third year.
Five planning teams (Digital Content Creation and Preservation;
Resource Management; Library Portal; Digital Content Selection
and Acquisition; Information Communities) addressed important
policy and processes needed to ensure the success of the project,
and issued reports with recommendations for establishing
workflow, responsibilities, decision-making points, and quality
assurance methods. Implementation of the recommendations is
underway, and an evaluation of the project will start in fall
Specific Digital Library Challenges
UVA would like to
be able to establish a policy for the use of a digital object
that could be matched with the characteristics of the user making
the request. Under consideration is the use of a digital
certificate to authenticate the user coupled with a set of
policies for either the objects and/or their components.
production and user support services
We are the victims
of our own successful marketing of services, and must determine
procedures for more efficient and effective workflows.
Digital library publications, policies, working papers, and other
and Christine Ruotolo. "Beyond the Web: TEI, the Digital Library,
and the Ebook Revolution." Computers and the Humanities
37, no. 1 (2003): pp. 57-63.
Ross Wayland, and Sandra Payette. "The Fedora Project: An
Open-source Digital Object Repository Management System."
D-Lib Magazine (April 2003).
and Suzanne E. Thorin. "University of Virginia Case Study." In
The Digital Library: A Biography. Digital Library Federation and
Council on Library and Information Resources. Second Edition
C., and Christine Ruotolo. "Reading-in-the-small: a study of
reading on small form factor devices." International Conference
on Digital Libraries. Proceedings of the second ACM/IEEE-CS
joint conference on Digital libraries (2002): 56-64.
Payette, Sandra and
Thornton Staples, "The Mellon Fedora Project: Digital Library
Architecture Meets XML and Web Services," Sixth European
Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital
Libraries. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2459.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York (2002): pp.
Collection of George Washington Letters and Documents Now
Available Online." University of Virginia Top News
(November 13, 2002).
"Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps at the University of Virginia."
Virginia Libraries 46, Number 4 (Winter 2001).
Price, Kenneth M.
"Dollars and Sense in Collaborative Digital Scholarship: The
Example of the Walt Whitman Hypertext Archive." Documentary
Editing 23, no. 2 (June 2001): pp. 29-33, 43.
"Digital Teams in Academe: The Collaboration between IT and
Academic Professionals." University of Virginia Computer
Science News (Fall 2001).
"UVa Library to
Build Digital Information Community to Support American Studies
Research Worldwide." University of Virginia Top News
(November 12, 2001).
"UVa Students Test
Ebooks." University of Virginia Top News (May 23,
Repository Implementation at UVa--How, Why, and What We're Doing
with It." Leslie Johnston, Spring 2003 Digital Library Federation
Libraries--Bringing the Physical and Digital Together." Leslie
Johnston (Panel Moderator), 2003 Joint Conference on Digital
Project." Thornton Staples and Sandra Payette, spring 2003
Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) meeting.
"Toward a Digital
Library: Plumbing an Information Space with Fedora." Thornton
Initiatives at the UVa Library - A Work in Progress." Leslie
Johnston, Ann Whiteside, Judy Thomas, July 2002 Visual Resources
Association Mid-Atlantic Chapter Meeting.
multimedia haiku dictionary." Christine Ruotolo, 2002 New
Directions in Humanities Computing Conference.
"The Mellon Fedora
Project: Digital Library Architecture Meets XML and Web
Services." Sandra Payette and Thornton Staples, 2002 European
Conference on Digital Libraries.
Metadata System for Image Collections." Thornton Staples, 2002
ARLIS/NA / VRA Joint Conference.
"METS: The Metadata
Encoding Transmission Standard -- METS and Fedora." Thornton
Staples, 2002 New Directions in Humanities Computing
"Ebooks in the
Classroom: A Case Study in Progress." Christine Ruotolo, 2001
Conference on the Changing Landscape of Scholarly Publishing:
Print Collections, E-Books, and Beyond.
"Build once, use
many': an XML-encoded etext library for Searching, Aggregation,
and multi-format output." David Seaman, 2001 "Standards und
Methoden der Volltext-Digitalisierung" Colloquium.
UVa Library Reports
on Local Standards, and Policies and Best Practices are available