DLF Fall Forum 2002
Monday, November 4
9:00-1:00: Developers Forum.
10:00-1:00: E-resources Management meeting (Tim Jewell, chair) Executive Boardroom.
10:00-1:00: E-metrics meeting (Denise Troll Covey, chair). Makani Room.
Monday, November 4
Pacific Ballroom foyer.
Welcome and Introduction: David Seaman, Digital Library Federation. Pacific Ballroom.
General Session 1: Bill Hill, Microsoft Research: "From Molecules to Bits: Reading in the 21st Century." Pacific Ballroom.
Although eBooks have been slow to take off, reading on the screen is fast gathering momentum and is about to go mainstream. Microsoft has focused major efforts on making onscreen reading more like reading paper. TabletPC will launch on November 7 as the first PC designed as a reading surface. Bill Hill will talk about his vision of the future of reading on the screen.
4:00-5:30: Breakout Session 1: eLearning.
Denise Troll Covey, Carnegie Mellon University: "Filling the Gap Between Vendor and User Practice."
Results from ARL's LIBQUAL+ project indicate that personal control is a
high priority for library users, but that users are not very
satisfied with the ease of remote access to library resources.
This gap between user preferences and the level of
service they perceive their library providing is exacerbated by the
gap between the way commercial vendors restrict access to library
resources and the way users access those resources. Restricting
access by institutional IP address creates problems for the
increasing number of institution-affiliated users using computers
that do not have an institution-affiliated IP address. The Council
on Library and Information Resources recently sponsored a survey of
how academic libraries are supporting remote access from
non-institution-affiliated IP addresses, the problems and costs
associated with this effort, and their level of satisfaction with
the technology they've implemented. Preliminary results reveal
that libraries are using proxy servers and (to a lesser extent)
virtual private networks to fill the gap between vendor and user
practice, but that these solutions can be expensive and
unsatisfactory. Proxy servers appear to be more problematic than
VPNs, but both technologies lower user satisfaction, service
quality, and staff morale; cause delays in other projects; and have
a detrimental impact on the allocation of resources. Moving to a
new solution, however, will require time, money, proof of adoption
by many vendors, and sufficient confidence that the new technology
will be superior to the old and that the transition will be rapid
and transparent to users.
Fred Beshears, University of California, Berkeley:
"Learning Technology Application Infrastructure and Interoperability Standards."
Interoperability among system software components and online learning
content is key to the successful implementation of a campus software
architecture, and several learning-technology standards are being promoted
to help schools achieve this objective.
The purpose of the first half of this presentation is to give the library
community a conceptual model of the different services educational
technologies provide and how they can be integrated into an overall campus
The second half of the presentation will provide a basic understanding of
the main learning technology standards that pertain to higher education,
the key organizations involved in developing the standards, and the
objectives they seek to achieve.
UC Berkeley has been an active participant in IMS, one of the major
learning-technology standards-setting efforts. Fred Beshears served as the
UC System's representative to the IMS technical board for two years
starting in 1998, and he has been UC Berkeley's representative to IMS
since the end of 1999. Fred is also Berkeley's liason with the Open
4:00-5:30: Breakout Session 2: National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program. Leeward Room.
Abby Smith, Council on Library and Information Resources: "LC report to Congress."
In December 2000, the United States Congress passed legislation establishing the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation
Program (NDIIPP). It charges the Librarian of Congress to lead a nationwide planning effort for the long-term preservation of digital content.
The goal of the plan for digital preservation is to encourage shared responsibility for digital content and to seek national solutions for:
The process began with a year-long, nationwide, fact-finding effort and initial planning. Next, with Congressional approval, NDIIPP will invest
in a set of activities proposed under the plan that include practical applications and modeling of key components of the infrastructure;
developing core capacities for the preservation network; building a digital preservation architecture; and conducting targeted basic research
needed for the management of digital content and of the systems that support it. These investments will both leverage the knowledge gained by
a range of preservation stakeholders and broaden their participation in network building.
- the continuing collection, selection, and organization of the most historically significant cultural materials and of other important information resources, regardless of evolving formats
- the long-term storage, preservation, and authenticity of those collections
- persistent, rights-protected access for the public to the growing digital historical record and information resources of the American people.
Abby Smith will report on the results of the planning phase and the recommendations made to Congress this fall for implementation of the plan.
6:00-9:00: Reception. Soundview Room.
Tuesday, November 5
8:00-9:00: Continental Breakfast.
Pacific Ballroom foyer.
Breakout Session 3: Open Archives/Cultural Archives. Windward Room.
Martin Halbert, Emory University, et al: "Major Findings from the Mellon Metadata Harvesting Initiative."
This session contains presentations and discussion on the various aspects and institutional projects
comprising this large and significant initiative. The Metadata Harvesting Initiative of the Mellon Foundation is a $1.5M effort to explore and test applications of the OAI PMH (for more background details see
http://www.arl.org/newsltr/217/waters.html). The seven projects funded by the
Mellon Foundation have made significant progress in advancing the
understanding and use of the OAI PMH for harvesting and other associated
Speakers will review the goals of the Mellon program, and discuss findings concerning core OAI technologies, such as best practices in creating
OAI metadata providers and harvesting tools created during the projects.
Speakers will describe services built upon OAI metadata harvesting infrastructures,
such as portal features that add value to aggregated metadata, user interfaces
to harvested metadata, and will discuss issues in accommodating different metadata formats, and future directions for research.
9:00-10:30: Breakout Session 4: Integrated Cultural Resources. Leeward Room.
Panel Discussion: Access to Integrated Cultural Resources. Moderator: Bob Wolven (Columbia).
RLG Cultural Materials - Ricky Erway, RLG
UIUC OAI portal - Joanne Kaczmarek, University of Illinois at
Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS), Digital
Scriptorium, and Greene and Greene Archive - Stephen Davis, Columbia
In the last few years many of the digitization projects in the community
have focused on capturing and bringing together surrogates of cultural
resources. These projects are at various stages of maturity and reflect
various approaches to the range of challenges inherent in the aggregation
of digitized materials. With this body of pooled collections, now may be a
good time to reflect on the benefits of the various approaches. Some are
distributed; others are centralized; while others use a combined approach.
But in each case, the goal is to improve access to collections that are of
interest to researchers and educators.
This session will provide an opportunity for demonstrations and discussion
on some of the persistent issues that continue to confront these effort,
- Promoting Use -- What is being done to increase awareness of the resource,
how can researchers access it, what is being done to enable use of the content
with courseware or in classrooms and projects, and are other
- Rights Management -- What materials are included, how are they protected, and
what agreements are in place between the project and the content owners and
between the project and the users?
- Technical Integration -- Is the content centralized or distributed, how
are metadata in a variety of formats and from a variety of sources made
meaningful to users, and how are digital files that were created in a variety
of ways presented to users?
- Sustainability -- What will happen when project funding is discontinued,
how will the resource be kept alive and continue to grow, and how are the
materials being preserved for the future?
11:00-12:30: Breakout Session 5:
E-Scholarship. Windward Room.
David Loy and Suzanne Samuel, California Digital Library: "Acquiring and Ingesting Digital Content: Methods of the CDL's eScholarship Program."
This team presentation by the eScholarship project coordinator and the
eScholarship technical lead will discuss technical and programmatic issues
involved in the acquisition, conversion, and dissemination of digital content.
Three projects will be used as case studies: the 1500 University of California
Press titles that eScholarship is converting from netLibrary XHTML files into
XML ebooks; the eScholarship Repository, an institutionally based repository for
pre-publication scholarship in all disciplines; and the Handbook of Visual Optics,
a reference work that will appear in both digital and print forms from a
collaboration among CDL, UC Press, and the Optical Society of America.
Programmatic topics will include challenges to 2 and 3-way partnerships (across
libraries, university presses, and scientific societies); collections issues of
university-specific access vs. global access; and institutional vs. subject or
faculty-based repository arrangements. Technical topics will include the conversion
of incoming objects to METS; automatic conversion and merging of metadata from
MARC; a processing database to MODS and to DC; exposing results through
OAI; tools for authoring and publishing; and strategies for searching XML-encoded
Thornton Staples, University of Virginia: "Report on the 'Supporting Digital Scholarship' Project."
The Supporting Digital Scholarship project is a joint project between the Instititute
for Advanced Technology in the Humanities and the University of Virginia Library to
investigate the implications of collecting digital scholarly projects into a
digital library. This project, now in its third and final year, was funded by a
grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Our experience at the University of
Virginia has been that scholars, given the resources and the support needed,
are creating digital projects that are more like virtual museum exhibitions
than like books. These projects usually include large collections of digital
versions of primary resources with a network of complex interrelationships
interwoven with original scholarly commentary. This report will discuss the
technical problems that we have encountered in collecting the Rossetti
http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/rossetti/) and the Salisbury Project
(http://www.iath.virginia.edu/salisbury/) into the Library's
Feodora repository, and policy implications for the Library in collecting such projects.
11:00-12:30: Breakout Session 6:
Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS). Leeward Room.
Rebecca Guenther, Library of Congress; Kirk Hastings, University of California;
Mary Alice Ball, University of Chicago Press:
"Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS): An overview of its uses, features, and current experimentation."
This session will consist of several presentations on MODS, a new bibliographic element set based on MARC and represented as an XML schema. MODS has been developed by the Library of Congress with interested parties as a rich element set that is a subset of MARC, using XML with language based tags. Potential uses include, among others, use as a specified format for Z39.50 Next Generation, as an extension schema to METS, to represent metadata for harvesting from databases, and as a simplified record in XML that is compatible with existing library data.
Part I. Development of DC-Lib Application Profile:
as background to understanding the development of MODS, there will be an introduction to the reasons for developing the Dublin Core-Library Application Profile, what it attempts to accomplish, and its current status.
Implementation for this profile may be touched on briefly,
and simple Dublin Core will be addressed as discussed below.
Part II. Introduction to MODS
An overview of the reasons for developing MODS, an introduction to the element set, and a summary of potential uses. The simple Dublin Core element set will be contrasted to MODS in terms of the details in the element sets, and some reasons for using MODS rather than simple Dublin Core. (Speaker: Rebecca Guenther)
Part III. Descriptions of MODS experimentation, including:
- University of California project using METS with MODS as descriptive metadata to support a search/browse interface (Speaker: Kirk
- University of Chicago Press project using MODS to enhance electronic document searchability and distribution (Speaker: Mary Alice
- Web archiving project at LC using MODS for creation of minimal metadata to support search and retrieval of archived Web sites. (Speaker: Rebecca
12:30-1:15: Lunch. Soundview Room.
1:15-2:00: General Session 2: David Levy, The Information School, University of Washington: "To Grow in Wisdom: A Response to the Crisis in Libraries and Universities." Soundview Room.
What role can and should libraries play in the future of the university?
Much of the focus today has been on scholarly publishing and information
organization and delivery. The speaker will argue that publication and
information (or knowledge) production are only part of the story, and
that the library, especially at this time of growing "virtuality,"
carries and symbolizes other values and modes of being that are
essential for the future of education.
2:00-3:30: Breakout Session 7: MARCXML and MIX. Windward Room.
Jerome McDonough (NYU), Morgan Cundiff (Library of Congress),
Rebecca Guenther (Library of Congress), and Robin Wendler (Harvard): "MARCXML (descriptive metadata) and MIX (technical metadata for still images)."
The METS (Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard) Schema Version 1.1
is now reasonably stable. One of the issues the community of METS
implementers faces is which (if any) extension schema to use for
descriptive and administrative metadata to complete a METS information
package. This panel presentation chaired by Jerome McDonough will provide
information about several schemas that can be used as METS extension
schemas including MARCXML and MODS (for descriptive metadata), MIX
(technical metadata for digital images), and other schemas for text, audio,
video, and rights.
2:00-3:30: Breakout Session 8:
OAI and Unicode. Leeward Room.
Caroline Arms, Library of Congress: "Implementing the OAI Protocol for Metadata Harvesting at the Library of Congress."
The Library of Congress has participated in the development of the
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting since the first meeting
in Santa Fe. LC joined the technical discussions and tests before the release of
the first and second public versions. Released this June, version 2 includes a
recommendation that harvesting of MARC records be based on a new, "slim" XML Schema
for MARC21 maintained by LC's Network Development and MARC Standards Office
(NDMSO). Over 100,000 metadata records for items digitized for American Memory
are now available for harvesting. Items represented include books, maps, photographs, early movies, sheet music, and printed ephemera. Records for more
content that LC can share freely will be added steadily. Several organizations
building union resources of cultural heritage materials, including DLF members
funded by the Mellon Foundation, have harvested the records. The records are
available in MARC and unqualified Dublin Core, with MODS to be available soon.
Metadata crosswalks and character set mappings developed by NDMSO made it easy
to implement the straightforward protocol as an add-on to American Memory. The
requirements for supporting the protocol have induced discipline and consistency
with long-term local benefits and provided test cases for handling special
characters in UNICODE. Two specialist gateways in the planning stages, for
movies and sheet music, expect to harvest records for particular collections.
Other collaborations in which LC is involved also plan to make use of the
protocol. LC has found it valuable to participate in the experimental phase
of this contribution to the toolkit for collaboration.
John Walsh, Indiana University: "Unicode Ate My Brain: The Trials and Tribulations of Implementing a Unicode-Dependent Digital Library Project."
The speaker will discuss the various challenges and problems raised in
implementing a digital library project dependent upon Unicode data. During the
past two years Indiana University's Digital Library Program has been working on a
project--funded by a grant from the Technological Innovation and Cooperation for
Foreign Information Access (TICFIA) program of the U.S. Department of Education--
to digitize and make available on the Web a twenty-year run
(1956-1975) of the Letopis Zhurnal'nykh Statei, a Russian/Soviet periodical
index covering virtually all disciplines. The language of the index is Russian
and uses the Cyrillic alphabet but includes other languages and scripts as well,
including English, French, German, and Greek. This combination of languages and
scripts necessitates the use of Unicode in the digitized version of the index.
A Web-based digital library project that is dependent upon Unicode poses a number
of challenges and requirements, including full Unicode support in the programming
languages and other technologies used to implement the project. There are also
special considerations and problems regarding fonts, browsers, display of
right-to-left languages, and user input. Using the Letopis Zhurnal'nykh Statei
project and other Indiana University projects as examples, the speaker will discuss these
and other challenges presented in working with Unicode data and some of the
solutions devised to address them.
4:00: Birds of a Feather Sessions
a) METS implementation. Jerry McDonough, chair. Soundview Room.
Digital libraries are beginning to employ the METS digital library object
schema for a variety of purposes. This informal session will allow those working on
implementing software systems which use METS to present the work and ask for feedback
and guidance on future development. Possible topics for discussion include:
- Developing local extension schema
- METS object viewing software
- METS and XSLT
- Using RDBMS systems for storing METS objects/metadata.
b) Libraries as publishers and/or collaborators in publishing.
Maria Bonn, chair. Windward Room.
This will be an information-sharing session for insitutions that
are developing or thinking about developing electronic publishing
programs. Time will be reserved to discuss tools for electronic
publication, particularly peer review and manuscript management systems.
c) Developing a model and standards for agreements to
establish and document the intellectual property rights associated with
digital projects. Joyce L. Ogburn, chair. Chinook Room.
At the May 2002 DLF Spring Forum, a Birds of a Feather session addressed the
need for standardizing agreements to establish and
document the intellectual property rights associated with digital projects.
The initial proposal stated that we should cooperate in drafting model
licenses that support the rights for libraries to create or host digital
content in the same way that we banded together to understand terms and
build model licenses for licensing content from commercial suppliers.
The attendees agreed that the session was an invaluable start in exploring
the issues and identifying some concrete actions. This session will build
on the previous one and go further in outlining steps for developing
a model and standards. It will also explore the possibility of linking
this effort with those focused on management systems and metadata for
d) Humanities computing centers in libraries. Jennifer Vinopal, chair.
More and more academic libraries, either by themselves or collaboratively, are
creating services to encourage and support humanists' use of computing technology for scholarly purposes. These services may be offered within a
dedicated Humanities Computing Center, or may be an outgrowth of pre-existing facilities
(computer lab, e-text center, etc.). In this informal discussion, participants will
share experiences and explore issues related to libraries' provision of humanities
computing services in such facilities. Possible discussion topics include:
One possible outcome of this session may be to create a forum, either
informal or formal, in which participants can continue sharing ideas after
- staffing and staff training
- collaboration with other departments, units, or academic divisions
- marketing your service and building your clientele
- budgeting time and money
- growing the service along with user demand
- project support (staffing, funding, etc.)
e) Multilingual data and the Digital Library. Eileen Llona, chair.
Much of the information that academic libraries hold is multilingual
in format. Making these data available to digital library systems involves
several considerations, and often several systems. Digitizing text involves
OCR if the text is to be searchable, which often raises language support
issues for non-Roman languages. Storing digital data from scratch in non-Roman
languages requires specialized software. Combining the richness of mutlilingual
information into one system presents challenges for interface design and
back-end systems. The University of Washington has been actively creating new
digital resources involving non-Roman languages, and will lead a discussion of
multilingual access in a digital library, including:
Related topics are welcome. The goal is to share experiences and solutions, and
discuss the potential for collaboration.
- Character encoding issues in an ILS
- Integration of multilingual data into thesauri development
- Character encoding and font issues for integrating multiple systems involving multiple languages.
f) The Digital Library Federation Electronic Resource Management
Initiative. Tim Jewell, chair. Leeward Room.
The DLF is sponsoring an initiative aimed at developing common
specifications and tools for managing the license agreements, related
administrative information, and internal processes associated with
collections of licensed electronic resources. The project's goals are to
describe the necessary architectures, establish lists of data elements
and definitions, write and publish appropriate XML schemas, and identify and
promote best practices and data standards. This session will describe
the project and work plan, summarize a preconference meeting of the
project's working group, and solicit comments on the project plan and local
development efforts from interested DLF members.
Wednesday, November 6
8:00-9:00: Continental Breakfast. Pacific Ballroom foyer.
9:00-10:30: Breakout Session 9: Music and Math.
Jon Dunn and Mark Notess, Indiana University: "The Variations2 Digital Music Library System."
The Variations2 digital library system is being developed by Indiana University,
with funding in part from a Digital Libraries Initiative Phase 2 grant from the
National Science Foundation, to provide improved access to digital music
collections, enable the development of applications for music learning and
research, and support a program of digital library research in the areas of
instruction, usability, and intellectual property rights. The basic goals of the Variations2 project were discussed in a presentation at the
Fall 2000 DLF Forum. Since that time, much work has transpired, and version
1.0 of the Variations2 system was recently completed, offering integrated
access to sound recordings and musical score images through a Java-based client
application and back-end server, and utilizing a data model and metadata scheme
based in part on IFLA's Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
work to offer enhanced capabilities for finding and retrieving musical content.
In this presentation, Variations2 version 1.0 will be described and demonstrated,
including discussion of the technical architecture, data/metadata model, and user
interfaces for search and navigation. The relationship between the Variations2
data model representation and METS (Multimedia Encoding and Transmission Standard)
will be discussed. In addition, the status of current work on multi-format
synchronization, support for music notation file formats, and integration of
digital music collections and services into instructional applications will be
David Fielding, Cornell University: "D-Pubs, Project Euclid, and OAI Compliance."
The Digital Publishing System (D-PubS) is being developed at Cornell
University for Project Euclid (http://ProjectEuclid.org), with support from The
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Project Euclid strives to facilitate affordable
scholarly communications in the fields of mathematics and statistics. D-PubS is
the modular software architecture developed for Project Euclid. We have extended
and generalized the original system developed for Project Euclid to support a
broad variety of digital collections, including the Cornell University Library
Technical Reports and Papers collection and the Historical Mathematics Book
collection. D-PubS consists of a set of configurable services that may vary
depending on the functionality desired for a specific collection. D-PubS services
include a repository service, index and search service, user interface service,
pay-per-view service, subscription service, registry service, editorial workspace
service, and a moderated submission service. A peer-review service is planned.
In attempting to follow standards, D-PubS currently supports the Open Archives
Initiative (OAI) metadata harvesting protocol and we are planning to adopt the
design guidelines of the Open Archival Information System (OAIS) reference model.
The speaker will give an overview of the D-PubS system and discuss our experiences
implementing the open archives protocol along with our plans to develop and/or
integrate advanced OAI services into the D-Pubs system.
9:00-10:30: Breakout Session 10: "The Digital Library and the Classroom."
Oya Y. Rieger (Cornell),
"Integrating Digital Libraries with Virtual Learning Environments."
One of the challenges we are facing is how to achieve the seamless integration of digital
libraries in learning management environments. This presentation will focus
on Cornell University Library's approach in building a service infrastructure and
forging alliances with key stakeholders to ensure the incorporation of digital
library resources and services in virtual learning environments.
As manifested by the increasing number of course Websites and online course
modules, faculty are making significant use of information technologies in support
of teaching, learning, and research. The goal of the presentation is to
share strategies developed by the Cornell University Library (CUL) to support
faculty initiatives in technology-rich environments. These programs are
collaborative in nature and bring together several campus service providers to
create a seamless support framework for technology-mediated learning.
The presentation will highlight two tracks of the CUL's distributed learning
strategy: the Unified Service Working Group and Digital Consulting and
Co-managed by the CUL, the Unified Service Working Group is a campus-wide
initiative to coordinate service access for faculty interested in using
various distributed learning technologies. As distributed learning services
proliferate, the faculty needs systematic assistance in identifying relevant
resources and services in support of their specific projects.
The goal of the CUL's new Digital Consulting and Production Services (D-CAPS)
is to offer a suite of digital asset production and management services to the
campus community, including unit libraries, faculty, and administration. D-CAPS is
comprised of associated services necessary to ensure cost-effective planning,
creation, management, use, and preservation for digital collections. D-CAPS
consults in the areas of digitization, copyright, metadata, technology, digital
preservation, and digital asset management.
As illustrated by these examples, integrating digital libraries in learning
management environments requires the development of a collaborative service
infrastructure. The presentation will focus on CUL's approaches in building
Cathy Marshall, Microsoft Research: Reading in the Digital Library: Experiences with E-books in Education
Digital libraries are delivering on the promise of anytime, anywhere access to
educational materials. But how will students read these materials?
Are e-books the answer? In this talk, the speaker will discuss implications of the results of several studies of reading, reading technologies, and the use of digital library materials both in and out of the classroom.
11:00-12:30: Breakout Session 11: Enhancing the User Experience. Windward Room.
Peter Brantley (NYU), Access management: Shibboleth introduction;
Scott Cantor (OSU), and Oliver Pesch (EBSCO): Shibboleth implementation issues
The Internet2-backed Shibboleth middleware initiative has progressed
rapidly in the last six months. Initial production code is slated to
be released in late October as part of the NMI Release2 package.
Significant new vendor support has been announced, and exciting
integration work is underway with leading content providers and
learning management systems.
The initial session will review the status of Shibboleth software and
the organic development of enhancement proposals and vendor interest
in Shibboleth compatability. Following this introduction, Scott Cantor
will technically review Shibboleth message flow and then talk about the
implementation experience at his source site, Ohio State. On the
target side, Oliver Pesch will discuss EBSCO's basic authentication
set-up, their incorporation of Shibboleth and its advantages to the
user community, and the issues of mapping accounts to institutions.
11:00-12:30: Breakout Session 12:
Registries and Archives. Leeward Room.
Taylor Surface, OCLC: "Digital Registry"
The Digital Registry working group has completed a draft document providing guidelines for using MARC21
in the current OCLC cataloging system. The working group participants will review the guidelines and
provide examples of usage on actual digital master project materials. The working group will also be
reviewing project progress and soliciting broader participation in reviewing the guidelines through
hands-on use of the Digital Registry.
Michele Kimpton, "The Internet Archive -- building a digital library of creative human works -- progress and prospects."
The Internet Archive has been working in collaboration with numerous
partners to put together the an ambitious digital collection of works,
including websites, movies, animation, TV, music, and books, as a tool for
providing universal access to human knowledge.
The vision of IA is to improve access to all these materials by removing geographic,
physical, and monetary barriers wherever possible.
Over the last year, IA has been working in partnership with several organizations
to help them build, store, and access such collections by providing digitizing services, unlimited disk storage and bandwidth,
and online collecting that might otherwise be out of reach.
The speaker will provide an overview of current IA projects and collections.
A more in-depth discussion will be given of
a current project to collaborate with National Libraries to archive the Web.
12:30-1:00: Closing remarks: David Seaman.
Thursday, November 7
10:00 - 4:00: METS Board Meeting.
Jerry McDonough, chair. Makani Room.
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